Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly popular nowadays. They are considered an excellent green alternative to fuel-based cars. Today, you can buy different types of electric cars based on your budget and requirements. The components of electric cars depend upon the type of vehicle you purchase. In this article, we explain the various electric vehicle components. Read on.
Main Components of Electric Vehicles
The electric vehicle components list includes the following
Traction battery pack
Also known as an EV battery, a traction battery pack is perhaps the most vital of all the electric vehicle components. The traction battery powers the vehicle's electric motor and serves as an electrical storage system, collecting energy in the DC form. A good traction battery pack typically comes with an estimated lifetime of 320,000 kilometres.
An equally critical component of electric vehicles is the electric motor, known for converting electrical energy into kinetic energy and rotating the car's wheels. It is the electric motor that differentiates electric vehicles from conventional, fuel-based ones. Categorised into two types – Alternative Current (AC) and Direct Current (DC) electric motors also comprise the regenerative braking mechanism, which slows down the vehicle when you hit the brakes.
DC to DC converter
While the traction battery back delivers continuous voltage, the various components of electric vehicles have different requirements. One of these is the DC to DC converter that distributes the output power originating from the battery to required levels while also providing the necessary voltage needed to charge the auxiliary battery – another vital EV component.
Your EV runs on electric current and not fuel. As a mobile vehicle, you need to charge it every few kilometres. As such, the charging port is another critical electric vehicle component that connects your EV to an external supply source. The charging port charges the vehicle's battery and may be located at the front or rear of the EV, depending on the type of EV you own.
The power inverter
Power inverters convert DC power from the EV's batteries to AC power. This component also converts the AC generated during the time of regenerative braking into DC. Moreover, the power inverter is used for recharging batteries.
Considered the source of electrical energy for EV accessories, auxiliary batteries help with continuous vehicle charging in the absence of the main traction battery. This battery prevents the EV's voltage from dropping, produced when you start the engine. It reduces any negative impact on the EV's electrical system.
The EV's transmission transfers mechanical power from the electric motor to the car's wheels via the gearbox. EVs typically do not need multi-power transmissions, and you can avoid power loss to ensure high transmission efficiency.
Invest in Motor Insurance for Your Electric Cars
Like conventional cars, your electric cars are also susceptible to breakdowns, accidents, and other road mishaps. However, you can manage these incidents effortlessly by investing in motor insurance policies like car and bike insurance.The insurance plan covers you against various costs and legal liabilities and offers financial security during stressful times, including accidents and vehicle damage.Disclaimer: The above information is indicative in nature. For more details on the risk factor, terms and conditions, please refer to the Sales Brochure and Policy Wordings carefully before concluding a sale.